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Vascular Plants of the Gorge at
Buttermilk Falls State Park (Ithaca, NY)
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Checklist of Vascular Plants - Gorge Corridor

     

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The gorge corridor includes Buttermilk creek (i.e., the creek bed itself), various  slightly elevated portions along the banks, such a scour bars where plant life has taken root, and vertical cliffs, stone walls, stone stairs, or rock outcroppings. One could say that the gorge corridor comprises the "heart of the gorge". Many of the plants growing in the gorge corridor can be observed, at least with binoculars, from the gorge trail. However, the gorge trail lies entirely on the south side of the creek. Thus, plants growing on the north bank of the creek are not, strictly speaking, located either along the gorge trail or the rim trail.  Even though the gorge trail lies within the gorge corridor, it is herein distinguished from the gorge corridor for analytical purposes. That is, analysis of the gorge corridor enables one to answer the question: "What plant species are typically found in gorges such as Buttermilk Gorge, even where there are no constructed trails?" State park rules prohibit walking, wading or swimming in the creek. It may be possible to enter the creek, with permission from the authorities, for the purose of conducting biological research. In some locations within this gorge, it may be hazardous to cross the creek, even with permission.  
     
 
Abbreviations Used
  F Ferns or fern relatives E Exotic (non-native) species
  S / V Shrubs or woody vines N Native species
  T Trees    
  W / G Herbaceous flowering plants, incl. graminoids    
         
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Find Corresponding English Names
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Species............ Plant Form Nativity Plant Family........

Acer saccharum

T

N

Sapindaceae

Acer spicatum

T

N

Sapindaceae

Ageratina altissima

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Alisma subcordatum

W / G

N

Alismataceae

Alliaria petiolata

W / G

E

Brassicaceae

Amphicarpaea bracteata

W / G

N

Fabaceae

Apocynum cannabinum

W / G

N

Apocynaceae

Aquilegia canadensis

W / G

N

Ranunculaceae

Asplenium trichomanes

F

N

Aspleniaceae

Betula alleghaniensis

T

N

Betulaceae

Bidens frondosa

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Cardamine diphylla

W / G

N

Brassicaceae

Chelone glabra

W / G

N

Plantaginaceae

Cornus racemosa

S / V

N

Cornaceae

Cornus rugosa

S / V

N

Cornaceae

Cystopteris bulbifera

F

N

Cystopteridaceae

Eupatorium perfoliatum

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Eutrochium maculatum

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Fraxinus nigra

T

N

Oleaceae

Galium aparine

W / G

N

Rubiaceae

Geranium robertianum

W / G

N

Geraniaceae

Hemerocallis fulva

W / G

E

Asphodelaceae

Hypericum perforatum

W / G

E

Hypericaceae

Impatiens pallida

W / G

N

Balsaminaceae

Liriodendron tulipifera

T

N

Magnoliaceae

Lobelia siphilitica

W / G

N

Campanulaceae

Lysimachia nummularia

W / G

E

Primulaceae

Lythrum salicaria

W / G

E

Lythraceae

Magnolia acuminata

T

N

Magnoliaceae

Myosotis scorpioides

W / G

E

Boraginaceae

Ostrya virginiana

T

N

Betulaceae

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

S / V

N

Vitaceae

Pastinaca sativa

W / G

E

Apiaceae

Penstemon hirsutus

W / G

N

Plantaginaceae

Platanus occidentalis

T

N

Platanaceae

Polypodium virginianum

F

N

Polypodiaceae

Prunella vulgaris

W / G

E

Lamiaceae

Ranunculus acris

W / G

E

Ranunculaceae

Rhus typhina

T

N

Anacardiaceae

Rubus odoratus

S / V

N

Rosaceae

Solidago altissima

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Symphyotrichum prenanthoides

W / G

N

Asteraceae

Taraxacum officinale

W / G

E

Asteraceae

Tussilago farfara

W / G

E

Asteraceae

Veronica anagallis-aquatica

W / G

E

Plantaginaceae

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