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Vascular Plants of the Gorge at
Buttermilk Falls State Park (Ithaca, NY)
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Checklist of Vascular Plants - North Crest

     
  For most of its length, Buttermilk Gorge is flanked to the north by vertical cliffs or steep slopes. The territory referred to here as the "North Crest" is a narrow strip of land along the summits of those cliffs, stretching from near King Road in the southeast to the visitor center at the base of the hill to the northwest. Some of the plants of the North Crest are found nowhere else in the overall area surveyed during this project.  Ecological conditions of portions of the North Crest are unique within the area surveyed, due in part to a southern exposure, slightly greater availability of sunlight and increased water drainage. Soil depth is often thin in these areas. Though the Rim Trail intersects or closely parallels the North Crest in a couple places, it doesn't strictly parallel the channel of Buttermilk Creek. Where it diverges, sounds of cascading creek water are at best very faint and distant. Chain-link fencing separates the Rim Trail from the cliffs of the North Crest in places to help prevent hikers from accidentally falling off the cliffs. The fencing also tends to prevent certain large herbivors from damaging the plants growing close to the cliffs.  
     

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Abbreviations Used
  F Ferns or fern relatives E Exotic (non-native) species
  S / V Shrubs or woody vines N Native species
  T Trees    
  W / G Herbaceous flowering plants, incl. graminoids    
         
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Find Corresponding English Name
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  Species Plant Form Nativity Plant Family
 

Acer pensylvanicum

T

N

Sapindaceae

 

Acer platanoides

T

E

Sapindaceae

 

Acer rubrum

T

N

Sapindaceae

 

Acer saccharum

T

N

Sapindaceae

 

Achillea millefolium

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Actaea rubra

W / G

N

Ranunculaceae

 

Agrimonia gryposepala

W / G

N

Rosaceae

 

Amelanchier arborea

T

N

Rosaceae

 

Antennaria plantaginifolia

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Anthoxanthum odoratum

W / G

E

Poaceae

 

Aralia nudicaulis

W / G

N

Araliaceae

 

Arisaema triphyllum

W / G

N

Araceae

 

Asclepias tuberosa

W / G

N

Apocynaceae

 

Asplenium platyneuron

F

N

Aspleniaceae

 

Athyrium filix-femina

F

N

Athyriaceae

 

Berberis thunbergii

S / V

E

Berberidaceae

 

Betula lenta

T

N

Betulaceae

 

Carex laxiflora

W / G

N

Cyperaceae

 

Carex pensylvanica

W / G

N

Cyperaceae

 

Carya glabra

T

N

Juglandaceae

 

Castanea dentata

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Clinopodium vulgare

W / G

E

Lamiaceae

 

Cornus alternifolia

S / V

N

Cornaceae

 

Corylus americana

S / V

N

Betulaceae

 

Cystopteris bulbifera

F

N

Cystopteridaceae

 

Danthonia compressa

W / G

N

Poaceae

 

Daphne mezereum

S / V

E

Thymelaceae

 

Dianthus armeria

W / G

E

Caryophylaceae

 

Diervilla lonicera

S / V

N

Caprifoliaceae

 

Dryopteris marginalis

F

N

Dryopteridaceae

 

Epipactis helleborine

W / G

E

Orchidaceae

 

Equisetum hyemale

F

N

Equisetaceae

 

Erigeron annuus

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Eurybia divaricata

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Fagus grandifolia

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Fraxinus americana

T

N

Oleaceae

 

Galium circaezans

W / G

N

Rubiaceae

 

Hamamelis virginiana

S / V

N

Hamamelidaceae

 

Helianthus tuberosus

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Hepatica americana

W / G

N

Ranunculaceae

 

Hesperis matronalis

W / G

E

Brassicaceae

 

Hieracium murorum

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Houstonia caerulea

W / G

N

Rubiaceae

 

Hypericum perforatum

W / G

E

Hypericaceae

 

Juncus tenuis

W / G

N

Juncaceae

 

Juniperus virginiana

T

N

Cupressaceae

 

Leucanthemum vulgare

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Lindera benzoin

S / V

N

Lauraceae

 

Liriodendron tulipifera

T

N

Magnoliaceae

 

Lobelia siphilitica

W / G

N

Campanulaceae

 

Lonicera maackii

S / V

E

Caprifoliaceae

 

Luzula multiflora

W / G

N

Juncaceae

 

Maianthemum racemosum

W / G

N

Asparagaceae

 

Matteuccia struthiopteris

F

N

Onocleaceae

 

Melampyrum lineare

W / G

N

Orobanchaceae

 

Melilotus albus

W / G

E

Fabaceae

 

Mertensia virginica

W / G

N

Boraginaceae

 

Micranthes virginiensis

W / G

N

Saxifragaceae

 

Monotropa uniflora

W / G

N

Ericaceae

 

Ostrya virginiana

T

N

Betulaceae

 

Oxalis stricta

W / G

N

Oxalidaceae

 

Penstemon hirsutus

W / G

N

Plantaginaceae

 

Phlox subulata

W / G

N

Polemoniaceae

 

Pilosella ‌floribundum

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Pilosella piloselloides

W / G

E

Asteraceae

 

Pinus resinosa

T

N

Pinaceae

 

Pinus strobus

T

N

Pinaceae

 

Poa compressa

W / G

E

Poaceae

 

Podophyllum peltatum

W / G

N

Berberidaceae

 

Polygala verticillata

W / G

N

Polygalaceae

 

Polygaloides paucifolia

W / G

N

Polygalaceae

 

Polygonatum pubescens

W / G

N

Asparagaceae

 

Polypodium virginianum

F

N

Polypodiaceae

 

Polystichum acrostichoides

F

N

Dryopteridaceae

 

Quercus alba

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Quercus montana

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Quercus rubra

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Quercus velutina

T

N

Fagaceae

 

Rhododendron prinophyllum

S / V

N

Ericaceae

 

Ribes cynosbati

S / V

N

Grossulariaceae

 

Sanicula marilandica

W / G

N

Apiaceae

 

Sassafras albidum

T

N

Lauraceae

 

Schizachyrium scoparium

W / G

N

Poaceae

 

Solidago bicolor

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Solidago caesia

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Solidago flexicaulis

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Solidago juncea

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Solidago nemoralis

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Symphyotrichum lowrieanum

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Symphyotrichum undulatum

W / G

N

Asteraceae

 

Symplocarpus foetidus

W / G

N

Araceae

 

Tiarella cordifolia

W / G

N

Saxifragaceae

 

Tilia americana

T

N

Malvaceae

 

Trifolium pratense

W / G

E

Fabaceae

 

Trillium erectum

W / G

N

Melanthiaceae

 

Trillium grandiflorum

W / G

N

Melanthiaceae

 

Tsuga canadensis

T

N

Pinaceae

 

Uvularia perfoliata

W / G

N

Colchicaceae

 

Vaccinium angustifolium

S / V

N

Ericaceae

 

Veronica officinalis

W / G

E

Plantaginaceae

 

Viburnum acerifolium

S / V

N

Adoxaceae

 

Vincetoxicum rossicum

S / V

E

Apocynaceae

         

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